Why use Mortgage alliance Commercial

Top 5 Reasons to Use Mortgage Alliance Commercial Canada (MACC)

 

  1. MACC is Licensed across Canada with offices in Quebec, Ontario, Alberta, and BC
  2. MACC has maintained privileged relationships with all major lenders across the country to allow our clients to access better terms and conditions for their financing needs
  3. MACC simplifies and manage the entire process of any lending transaction from pre-screening requirements and options; completing loan underwriting and lender negotiations, through to the disbursement requirements, to ensure successful completion and funding.
  4. MACC is an approved CMHC correspondent and experienced in preparing and presenting applications directly to CMHC for underwriting and approval. This provides access to preferred rates and terms, and higher loan to value ratios. This includes multi-unit rentals, mixed-use, purchases and refinances. We pre-screen deals to determine potential loan amount available based on property information provided such as rent roll, and statement of income and expenses.
  5. MACC has over 20 years’ experience in the commercial broker industry and a significant track record in deal success covering all commercial industries. We are well-positioned to guide clients through the most complex transactions and obtain the best options in the market. See our website for just a few of the projects completed.  http://macommercial.ca/projects/

 

 

 

Marion Cook  | November 2018

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Bull run continues for BC commercial real estate

Investment activity in commercial real estate in British Columbia has continued its bull run in the first half of 2018.

A new report from Avison Young says there were 102 deals with a total value of $3.04 billion, the second highest on record for both deal count and total dollar volume.

However, a more cautious approach is being shown by investors in residential land amid rising political uncertainty, rising construction costs, and affordability issues.

Investors are questioning the high land values, especially in Vancouver. But for other CRE sectors, demand remains strong.

“Rising land values had the effect of increasing the cost of not only land, but any and all commercial real estate assets that included a land play,” comments Avison Young Principal Bal Atwal. “This has been one of the contributing factors of cap rate compression for a large majority of investment sale transactions over the last few years. As the land market now starts to take a slight breath, it remains to be seen over the next few months if the market will maintain its recent upward trajectory, stabilize at current levels or begin to falter.”

How the sectors are performing
Office investment sales activity in BC generated more than $1 billion in the first half of 2018 with 23 transactions valued at $1.04 billion.

The sale of BC retail assets remained exceptionally strong in the first half of 2018 with 43 transactions valued at $1.55 billion following the record-smashing retail investment sales performance of 2017.

Industrial investment activity still remained strong in the first six months of 2018 with 36 industrial transactions valued at $449 million – a slight decline from the first half of 2017 when 37 deals valued at $456 million were completed.

Sales activity of BC multi-family assets remained at historic heights with 42 transactions valued at $674 million in the first half of 2018 with the number of deals falling just short of the first half of 2017 (46) but with greater dollar volume ($652 million) than what was recorded a year ago.

 

by Steve Randall Ι  24 Sep 2018

Commercial Mortgages: “How to See the Deal”

When I first started working with Commercial Mortgages about 10 years ago, I had a hard time wrapping my head around what went into putting one of these deals together. Each deal is truly unique and I soon found can have many moving parts. In order to get a better understanding of what I was doing, I needed to put in place a process, or standardized approach that I could follow on all my deals. After a while, I found what works for me and wanted to share this approach. I found that there are several key factors that contribute to a typical deal and how addressing these factors can help you to “See the Deal”.

Since most, if not all commercial mortgages are paper-based and there really isn’t a web-based system like filogix that you can use to enter information into in order to produce a clear picture, the story or summary that is prepared for a commercial deal is very important. This summary gives me a good overview and allows me to “See the Deal” so that when I’m speaking to a prospective lender, colleague or drafting a quick email, I can highlight the critical points fairly quickly and concisely.

One way to “See the Deal” is to use the 3-legged stool or a 3-point triangle like the one at the beginning of this article. Basically, the main points or factors that I work with and focus on in my approach are:

1)     The Covenant

2)     The Income

3)     The Real Estate

The idea is to analyze each point and gather the necessary details for each in order to determine whether that point is weak or strong. What documentation do you need to assess each point? Also, what or where are the risks associated with each point and if necessary how can these risks be mitigated? How can you best sum up each point?

When looking at the ‘Covenant’, consider this;

  • What is the Borrower’s net worth? With commercial mortgage financing, the Borrower’s income is not that important since we don’t rely on their income to pay the mortgage – the property’s rent does. The Borrower’s net worth is more important.
  • Is the Borrower’s net worth all comprised of real estate or is it well diversified? How much in liquid assets do they have?
  • If they needed to inject funds into the property for emergency repairs (ie. Roof or HVAC  system needs a replacement immediately) or they need to cover the mortgage payment from their own resources due to unexpected or chronic vacancy, would they have the funds available?
  • How’s their personal credit? Are their taxes current? Do they have any other sources of income?
  • Etc

When looking at the ‘Income, we typically consider what determines and what can affect the property’s rent and this can include;

  • Cash flow. What does this look like? How much rent does the property generate? What is the likelihood that it will continue?
  • Net Operating Income (NOI), which is Income minus Expenses. The NOI is important since we use the NOI to calculate the two critical ratios used in commercial lending – the Loan To Value (LTV) and the Debt Coverage Ratio (DCR)
  • What are the leases like? Short term, long term? Do the tenants pay for any expenses such as taxes, utilities, insurance or maintenance? Ie. Are the leases Gross, Semi-Gross or Triple Net?
  • Do all the leases come due at the same time, in the same year or are they staggered over several years (this is known as Rollover Risk)?
  • Are the rents belowat or above market rents? How do they compare to similar properties? Are there yearly increases (step-ups)?
  • What type of tenants are they? Weak or strong? For example, Tim Horton’s is a great tenant; stand-alone restaurants, not so great. What’s the history of the tenancy?
  • What is the vacancy like and how has it been historically?
  • Does the client have a properly prepared Rent Roll?
  • Etc

Finally, when looking at the ‘Real Estate’ (which IS the lender’s main security) some of the points to consider are:

  • What type of property is it? Conventional, unconventional or special use? Can it be easily converted for other uses?
  • Where is it located? Is it urban or rural? Is it located in an area with other similar properties? Or does it stand out?
  • What is the property worth? How does the value compare to similar properties? Do we have an appraisal?
  • What is the property’s condition? Are there any major repairs or upgrades that are needed in the short or medium term?
  • How old is the property? Is the property too old to repair? Do we have a Building Condition Report (BCA)? Will we need one?
  • Are there any sources of environmental impact on or near the property? What is located acrossnext to or upgrade to the property? Do we have an Environmental Site Assessment (ESA)? Will we need one?
  • Etc

I’ve ended each section with Etc because by no means did I include all of the possible things to consider or questions to ask.

By being able to “See the Deal” a commercial broker will be able to discuss the file clearly. Discuss the strengths and weaknesses. Discuss the risk factors and what can be done to mitigate those factors. This will also help in gathering the necessary documentation and identify what will be required in order to proceed, quickly and efficiently.

The benefits to developing an approach similar to this are many. This allows for a more streamlined and standardized process which will also make a broker’s life easier when putting the deal together and making the process as painless as possible for the client.

It also instills confidence in the lenders you will be marketing the deal to since it shows some thought and insight into your underwriting. Also, one factor I know is critical with most lenders, is to have some conviction and to believe in the deal; when submitting a file for review I find that really standing behind the deal, “…I recommend the deal based on…..” and list your thoughts goes along way versus saying, “….I have a deal….what do you think……?”. “Seeing the Deal”, makes it easier to stand behind the deal and express why. This will only strengthen your relationship with your lenders.

In the end, this will result in a quicker turn around and the ability to get a better deal for your client.

 

Ermanno Tasciotti  | January 2018

Commercial Mortgages: How Much Down Payment Do I Need?

“It Depends”. These are the two words I frequently use when discussing a commercial mortgage. Whether it’s how much of a downpayment is needed, what the rate is, amortization, etc. It depends.

Let’s consider the first one; downpayment. How much does a client need to put down for a commercial property purchase? When determining this amount, the process isn’t as simple as it is for a residential deal but in some ways is very similar.

Please note that the following discussion pertains to when underwriting a deal based on the property’s cash flow and when dealing with a lender that will look to the rental income as the primary source of repayment.

With residential, the clients can get a preapproved mortgage by calculating how much they qualify for using their income and existing debts. They can then make a Purchase based on their Pre-Approved Mortgage plus their Downpayment.

Simply put,

Preapproved Mortgage + Downpayment = Purchase Price

With commercial, you really can’t get a preapproval since the mortgage is generally based on the income of the property and not the borrower – having said that, I can take the income and expenses on a commercial property and approximate how much of a mortgage it can carry, while not a preapproval, it can give you some guidance – contact me for details!

So you start with a Purchase Price and then work backward similar to a residential preapproval and end up with the Qualifying Mortgage amount and subsequent Downpayment. The process looks like this,

Purchase Price – Qualifying Mortgage = Downpayment

The best way to illustrate this is with a couple of examples. To make things simple I will be looking at conventional and not high ratio financing.

Please note the following terms:

  1. Net Operating Income or NOI
  2. Debt Coverage Ratio or DCR, DSC or DSCR
  3. Loan To Value or LTV
  4. NOI. This is the net income once all expenses pertaining to the property are deducted from the rent collected. Typical expenses can include, property taxes, property insurance, utilities, snow removal, routine maintenance, etc. There will also be allowances made for Vacancy & Bad Debt, Structural Expense and Management. Every deal is different and it depends on the specifics of a particular deal which expenses will be included. Note that these expenses do not include mortgage principal and interest.
  5. DCR. This is the ratio of the NOI to the mortgage principal & interest payments. Depending on the deal, an acceptable DCR would be as low as 1.10 (or 110%) to 1.30 (or 130%). This should always be greater than 1.00 or 100%. The ‘extra’ or excess over 100% is a cushion that gives the lender comfort to account for any interruptions in rent due to high or chronic vacancy, unexpected costs, etc that could reduce the income for a period of time.
  6. LTV. The ratio of the loan or mortgage amount to the lesser of Purchase Price or Appraised Value. ‘Rule of Thumb’ LTVs can range from 60% to 70% for most commercial deals and 75% for multi-family (m/f) properties. (Note this 75% for the example below). Each lender is different.

Residential Example

Clients are looking at purchasing a single-family dwelling. They are preapproved for a $562,500 mortgage (GDS/TDS are in line) and have $187,500 for the downpayment. Using the formula above,

$562,500 + $187,500 = $750,000

Pre-Approved Mortgage + Downpayment = Purchase Price

They can purchase a home valued at $750,000. This works out to an LTV of 75% ($562,500/$750,000). Assuming that the credit is good and the property is acceptable – the deal could be fairly straightforward.

Commercial Example

Now let’s look at a commercial property selling for the same amount of $750,000 and again, the client has $187,500 to put down.

We’ll assume the subject is an 8-plex m/f. The subject is fully occupied with a rental income of $7,200/mo or $86,400/yr. Applicable expenses come to roughly $46,400/yr.

The NOI in this case is $86,400 – $46,400 = $40,000.

I’ll assume that the property is appraised at $750,000. As you will see below, the property value won’t be a factor in determining the mortgage amount. The driver will be the DCR.

Now here’s where they differ. In order to get an acceptable mortgage amount, we will use a trial rate (let’s go with 3.5%) and generate a P&I payment based on a 5 yr term & 25 yr amortization. Working backwards we make sure to stay within an LTV of 75% and a DCR of 130% (In this case – some lenders may go with 120%).

Trial and error yields a mortgage of $515,000, a DCR of 130% and an LTV of 68.7%. Using the formula above,

$750,000 – $515,000 = $235,000

Purchase Price – Qualifying Mortgage = Downpayment

So if they are buying the subject for $750,000 and the property qualifies for and can only support a mortgage of $515,000, the client will have to come up with a downpayment of $235,000 or $47,500 more than they have. As you can see, you just can’t take the purchase price and calculate an amount based on either 60, 65 or even 75% LTV. Furthermore, if the same property sold for $800,000, the mortgage amount is the same since the NOI doesn’t change and the client would now have to put $285,000 down (64.4% LTV).

In this case the client now has three options if they wish to proceed:

1)      Come up with the difference from their own resources.

2)      Secure a second mortgage. This will likely be at a higher rate & fees and note that the lender providing the first may have to approve allowing the second due to serviceability.

3)      Look at an alternative lender (private, etc) that will do the full amount requested ($562,500) or even higher but at a higher rate & fees.

In summary, when calculating downpayment for commercial, treat it like a residential preapproval and work backwards.

  • The ‘client’ would be the property and the ‘client’s income’ would be the NOI.
  • The DCR would be the qualifying ratio much like the GDS/TDS.
  • Once you have a ‘Qualifying Mortgage’ (ie. Pre-Approved Mortgage), then you look at the purchase price/appraised value for the difference.

Now I must stress that the numbers alone DO NOT determine whether or not you have a deal; they’re just a guide or an estimate to get the analysis going. As per the Mortgage Triangle I will discuss in a future post, the Income is one point that must be fully analyzed; there’s also the Real Estate and the Covenant.

I hope this helps give a clearer picture as to how the downpayment needed for a commercial mortgage is determined. As you can see, it depends.

If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to call me at 647.302.8065.

Now is the time to think commercial!

 

By: Ermanno Tasciotti |  January 2018

Commercial Real Estate Loan (CRE)

Commercial Real Estate Loan (CRE) is income-producing real estate that is used solely for business purposes, such as retail centers, office complexes, hotels, and apartments. Financing – including the acquisition, development, and construction of these properties – is typically accomplished through commercial real estate loans: mortgage loans secured by liens on commercial, rather than residential, property.

Just as with residential loans, banks and independent lenders are actively involved in making loans on the commercial real estate. Also, insurance companies, pension funds, private investors and other capital sources, make loans for the commercial real estate.

Let’s take a look at commercial real estate loans: how they differ from residential loans, their characteristics and what lenders look for.

Individuals vs. Entities

While residential mortgages are typically made to individual borrowers, commercial real estate loans are often made to business entities (e.g., corporations, developers, partnerships, funds, and trusts). These entities are often formed for the specific purpose of owning commercial real estate.

An entity may not have a financial track record or any credit history, in which case the lender may require the principals or owners of the entity to guarantee the loan. This provides the lender with an individual (or group of individuals) with a credit history and/or financial track record – and from whom they can recover in the event of loan default. If this type of guaranty is not required by the lender, and the property is the only means of recovery in the event of loan default, the loan is called a non-recourse loan, meaning that the lender has no recourse against anyone or anything other than the property.

Loan Repayment Schedules

A residential mortgage is a type of amortized loan in which the debt is repaid in regular installments over a period of time. The most popular residential mortgage product is the 30-year fixed-rate mortgage.

Residential buyers have other options, as well, including 25-year and 15-year mortgages. Longer amortization periods typically involve smaller monthly payments and higher total interest costs over the life of the loan, while shorter amortization periods generally entail larger monthly payments and lower total interest costs. Residential loans are amortized over the life of the loan so that the loan is fully repaid at the end of the loan term. A borrower with a $200,000 30-year fixed-rate mortgage at 5%, for example, would make 360 monthly payments of $1,073.64, after which the loan would be fully repaid.

Unlike residential loans, the terms of commercial loans typically range from five years (or less) to 20 years, and the amortization period is often longer than the term of the loan. A lender, for example, might make a commercial loan for a term of seven years with an amortization period of 30 years. In this situation, the investor would make payments for seven years of an amount based on the loan being paid off over 30 years, followed by one final “balloon” payment of the entire remaining balance on the loan. For example, an investor with a $1 million commercial loan at 7% would make monthly payments of $6,653.02 for seven years, followed by a final balloon payment of $918,127.64 that would pay off the loan in full.

The length of the loan term and the amortization period will affect the rate the lender charges. Depending on the investor’s credit strength, these terms may be negotiable. In general, the longer the loan repayment schedule, the higher the interest rate.

Loan-to-Value Ratios

Another way that commercial and residential loans differ is in the loan-to-value ratio (LTV): a figure that measures the value of a loan against the value of the property. A lender calculates LTV by dividing the amount of the loan by the lesser of the property’s appraised value or purchase price. For example, the LTV for a $90,000 loan on a $100,000 property would be 90% ($90,000 ÷ $100,000 = 0.9, or 90%).

For both commercial and residential loans, borrowers with lower LTVs will qualify for more favorable financing rates than those with higher LTVs. The reason: They have more equity (or stake) in the property, which equals less risk in the eyes of the lender.

Commercial loan LTVs, in contrast, generally fall into the 65% to 80% range. While some loans may be made at higher LTVs, they are less common. The specific LTV often depends on the loan category. For example, a maximum LTV of 65% may be allowed for raw land, while an LTV of up to 80% might be acceptable for a multifamily construction. There are also private mortgages available for commercial lending.

Debt-Service Coverage Ratio

Commercial lenders also look at the debt-service coverage ratio (DSCR), which compares a property’s annual net operating income (NOI) to its annual mortgage debt service (including principal and interest), measuring the property’s ability to service its debt. It is calculated by dividing the NOI by the annual debt service. For example, a property with $140,000 in NOI and $100,000 in annual mortgage debt service would have a DSCR of 1.40 ($140,000 ÷ $100,000 = 1.4). The ratio helps lenders determine the maximum loan size based on the cash flow generated by the property.

A DSCR of less than 1 indicates a negative cash flow. For example, a DSCR of .92 means that there is only enough NOI to cover 92% of annual debt service. In general, commercial lenders look for DSCRs of at least 1.25 to ensure adequate cash flow. A lower DSCR may be acceptable for loans with shorter amortization periods and/or properties with stable cash flows. Higher ratios may be required for properties with volatile cash flows – for example, hotels, which lack the long-term (and therefore, more predictable) tenant leases commonly to other types of the commercial real estate.

Interest Rates and Fees

Interest rates on commercial loans are generally higher than on residential loans. Also, commercial real estate loans usually involve fees that add to the overall cost of the loan, including appraisal, environmental report, legal, loan application, loan origination and/or survey fees. Some costs must be paid up front before the loan is approved (or rejected), while others apply annually. For example, a loan may have a one-time loan origination fee of 1%, due at the time of closing, and an annual fee of one-quarter of one percent (0.25%) until the loan is fully paid. A $1 million loan, for example, might require a 1% loan origination fee equal to $10,000 to be paid up front, with a 0.25% fee of $2,500 paid annually (in addition to interest).

Prepayment

A commercial real estate loan may have restrictions on prepayment, designed to preserve the lender’s anticipated yield on a loan. If the investors settle a debt before the loan’s maturity date, they will likely have to pay prepayment penalties. There are four primary types of “exit” penalties for paying off a loan early:

  • Prepayment Penalty. This is the most basic prepayment penalty, calculated by multiplying the current outstanding balance by a specified prepayment penalty.
  • Interest Guarantee. The lender is entitled to a specified amount of interest, even if the loan is paid off early. For example, a loan may have a 10% interest rate guaranteed for 60 months, with a 5% exit fee after that.
  • Lockout. The borrower cannot pay off the loan before a specified period, such as a 5-year lockout.
  • Defeasance. A substitution of collateral. Instead of paying cash to the lender, the borrower exchanges new collateral (usually Treasury securities) for the original loan collateral. High penalties can be attached to this method of paying off a loan.

Prepayment terms are identified in the loan documents and can be negotiated along with other loan terms in commercial real estate loans. Options should be understood ahead of time and evaluated before paying off a loan early.

The Bottom Line

With commercial real estate, it is usually an investor (often a business entity) that purchases the property, leases out space and collects rent from the businesses that operate within the property: The investment is intended to be an income-producing property.

When evaluating commercial real estate loans, lenders consider the loan’s collateral; the creditworthiness of the entity (or principals/owners), including three to five years of financial statements and income tax returns; and financial ratios, such as the loan-to-value ratio and the debt-service coverage ratio.

By: Daniela Peeva |  June 26, 2017

Proud to announce we are nominated as the Best Commercial Broker for a 4th year in a row

For the last 15 years, M. Durand has built and led a firm that has become the largest, most active pan-Canadian firm dedicated to the Commercial Mortgage Brokerage Industry. M Durand’s efforts have been recognized by his industry peers’ who have nominated him in each of the last 4 years as the best commercial mortgage broker in Canada. No other professional in the industry has seen such recognition.

Congratulations Michel!

Commercial Properties Skyrocket in Numbers 2015

According to Real Capital Analytics, $533 billion of commercial real estate changed hands last year, up 23% from a year earlier. The volume also was roughly 4% more than what had been projected as of November 2014.

The total was still well shy of the record $574.9 billion of deal volume that took place during the market’s peak year of 2007.

Foreign investors accounted for $91.1 billion, or 17.1% of the transaction volume last year, up from the 10% average in each of the previous four years. The foreign charge was led by the Canadians, who completed $24.6 billion of deals. Those investors include the Canada Pension Plan Investment Board and Caisse de depot et placement du Quebec (CDPQ). Ivanhoe Cambridge, an affiliate of CDPQ, purchased Manhattan’s Stuyvesant Town/Peter Cooper Village apartment property for $5.3 billion late last year.

Investors from Singapore took the second largest piece of the foreign investment pie, completing $14.8 billion of deals in 2015. Norway followed with $8.5 billion of deals, and Chinese investors completed $6.8 billion of deals.

Under normal circumstances, foreign investors would likely increase their activity going into 2016. After all, certain restrictions have been eased as a result of changes to the Foreign Investment in Real Property Tax Act. (These changes were implemented with the passage of the Protecting Americans from Tax Hikes Act of 2015.) For instance, foreign pension funds are no longer are subject to withholdings under the original act.

However, many foreign investors are likely getting pinched by the sharp drop in oil prices. According to analysis by Morgan Stanley, Norway, the United Arab Emirates and Qatar combined for $18.6 billion of U.S. deals, a substantial volume. Since each country is reliant almost exclusively on oil revenue, their ability to generate cash will decline with the drop in oil prices.

In fact, as oil prices were plunging last year, sovereign wealth funds were redeeming capital from investment vehicles (not necessarily tied to real estate) to which they had committed. Morgan Stanley found that some $100 billion of capital was redeemed from 11 asset managers by oil-dependent investors last year. That trend could continue this year if oil prices continue to decline, or stabilize at today’s lower prices.

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